举例 open -a dingtalk
Usage: open [-e] [-t] [-f] [-W] [-R] [-n] [-g] [-h] [-s
Help: Open opens files from a shell.
By default, opens each file using the default application for that file.
If the file is in the form of a URL, the file will be opened as a URL.
-a Opens with the specified application.
-b Opens with the specified application bundle identifier.
-e Opens with TextEdit.
-t Opens with default text editor.
-f Reads input from standard input and opens with TextEdit.
-F –fresh Launches the app fresh, that is, without restoring windows. Saved persistent state is lost, excluding Untitled documents.
-R, –reveal Selects in the Finder instead of opening.
-W, –wait-apps Blocks until the used applications are closed (even if they were already running).
–args All remaining arguments are passed in argv to the application’s main() function instead of opened.
-n, –new Open a new instance of the application even if one is already running.
-j, –hide Launches the app hidden.
-g, –background Does not bring the application to the foreground.
-h, –header Searches header file locations for headers matching the given filenames, and opens them.
-s For -h, the SDK to use; if supplied, only SDKs whose names contain the argument value are searched.
Otherwise the highest versioned SDK in each platform is used.